The contributions of the building and quantity surveying professional bodies towards meeting the sustainable development goal of the construction sector and the economy since the start of their statutory mandates in Nigeria are examined. Statutorily, professional bodies like the Nigerian Institute of Building (NIOB), Council of Registered Builders of Nigeria (CORBON), Nigerian Institute of Quantity Surveyors (NIQS) and Quantity Surveyors Registration Board of Nigeria (QSRBN) are significant stakeholders in the development of sustainable construction in Nigeria. List of Registered Professional Builders (RPBs) and Quantity Surveyors (RQSs) and their Registered Consultancy Firms (RCFs) as well as the list of Nigerian States, Geo-Political Zones (GPZ), LGAs and their population distributions were obtained and adopted for the study and used to examine the level of spread of these professionals and their services. The study revealed that there are (1708) builders and (3469) quantity surveyors qualified and registered as well as (38) and (233) Consultancy firms, respectively under review, out of which Lagos State hosts the highest number of RPBs and RQS and RCFs with (553 & 1,175) and (12 & 73) respectively. South-West Zone with six States which accounts for (19.65%) of the Nation’s population produced the highest number of RPBs, RQS and RCFs with (809; 1,412 and 13 & 83) respectively. Northeast with six States and (112) LGAs accounted for 13.55% of the Nation’s population, and produced the least number of RPB (84) RQS (58) and Builders’ RCF (01) QS RCFs (07) respectively. Interview method was also adopted to sample views of professionals from each of the two professions in regard to other vital issues relevant to the study. It concludes that the number of professionals produced by these professional bodies are appalling when compared to their demand, thus, posing a huge challenge, and recommends that professional bodies, other stakeholders and the Government should formulate ways to regularly increase these numbers in order to make their contributions impactful in the development of sustainable construction industry in Nigeria.